Introduce to SSD (Solid State Drive):
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently. It is also sometimes called solid-state disk, although SSDs do not have physical disks. SSDs may use traditional hard disk drive (HDD) form-factors, protocols and file systems such as SATA and SAS, and NTFS or FAT32 greatly simplifying usage of SSDs in computers, or Form factors and interfaces designed for SSDs, like mSATA, m.2, u.2, NVMe, Ruler SSD, PCIe and APFS or F2FS, often greatly improving performance and removing unnecessary features like defragmentation which can improve performance on HDDs but reduce the lifespan of SSDs. Following the initial acceptance of SSDs with HDD interfaces, new form factors such as the M.2 form factor, and new I/O protocols such as NVM Express have been developed to address specific requirements of the flash memory technology used in SSDs.
SSDs have no moving mechanical components. This distinguishes them from conventional electromechanical drives such as hard disk drives (HDDs) or floppy disks, which contain spinning disks and movable read/write heads. Compared with electromechanical drives, SSDs are typically more resistant to physical shock, run silently, have quicker access time and lower latency. While the price of SSDs has continued to decline over time, SSDs are (as of 2018) still more expensive per unit of storage than HDDs and are expected to continue to be so into the next decade.
As of 2017, most SSDs use 3D TLC NAND-based flash memory, which is a type of non-volatile memory that retains data when power is lost. For applications requiring fast access but not necessarily data persistence after power loss, SSDs may be constructed from random-access memory (RAM). Such devices may employ batteries as integrated power sources to retain data for a certain amount of time after external power is lost. Since 2018, some SSDs have 3D QLC (4 bit) NAND-based flash memory, which increases capacity and lowers costs, but at the expense of a lower endurance rating. For example, a 1 TB QLC SSD will have the same endurance rating as a 500 GB TLC (3 bit) SSD. High performance SSDs are made from SLC(1 bit) and 2 bit MLC NAND Flash, but these are prohibitely expensive and have a low capacity, making them better suited for caches or where very high speeds are required, as SLC NAND is, for example, faster than QLC NAND.
However, all SSDs still store data in electrical charges, which slowly leak over time if left without power. This causes worn out drives (that have exceeded their endurance rating) to start losing data typically after one (if stored at 30 °C) to two (at 25 °C) years in storage; for new drives it takes longer. Therefore, SSDs are not suited for archival purposes. The only exception to this rule are SSDs based on 3D XPoint memory, which stores data not by storing electrical charges in cells, but by changing the electrical resistance of the cells. 3D XPoint however is a relatively new technology whose behaviour over long periods of time is still unknown and thus it shouldn’t be used for archival storage.
Hybrid drives or solid-state hybrid drives (SSHDs), such as Apple’s Fusion Drive, combine the features of SSDs and HDDs in the same unit, containing a large hard disk drive and an SSD cache to improve performance of frequently accessed data.
Transcend TS256GMTE110S SATA III M.2 2280(M-Key) PCIe Gen3x4 256GB SSD :
Transcend’s PCIe SSD 110S utilizes the PCI Express Gen3 x4 interface supported by the latest NVMe standard, to unleash next-generation performance. The PCIe SSD 110S aims at high-end applications, such as digital audio/video production, gaming, and enterprise use, which require constant processing heavy workloads with no system lags or slowdowns of any kind. Powered by 3D NAND flash memory, the PCIe SSD 110S gives you not only fast transfer speeds but unmatched reliability.
Compelling performance for high-end applications
Transcend’s PCIe SSD 110S follows NVMe 1.3 and utilizes the PCIe Gen3 x4 interface, meaning four lanes are used for transmitting and receiving data simultaneously, resulting in compelling performance of up to 1,800MB/s read and 1,500MB/s write.
Understanding the PCIe interface
PCIe (or PCI Express) is a much faster interface than SATA (or Serial ATA) for connecting a host computer to solid-state storage devices over one or more lanes consisting of one transmit and one receive serial interface in each lane, meaning it can better fulfill new performance requirements.
Understanding the NVMe standard
NVMe is a host controller interface standard designed to address the needs of enterprise and client applications that utilize PCI Express-based solid-state storage. NVMe calls for better performance vectors than AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface), including scalable bandwidth, increased IOPS, and low latency.
3D expansion to break through limits
Unlike the existing planar NAND chips, 3D NAND flash is a type of flash memory in which the memory cells are stacked vertically in multiple layers. 3D NAND is developed to break through density limitations of the 2D planar NAND, and thus can deliver a greater level of performance and endurance.
Better endurance, higher reliability
Transcend’s PCIe SSD 110S is engineered with LDPC (Low-Density Parity Check) coding, a powerful ECC algorithm, to keep data secure. Manufactured with high-quality TLC NAND flash chips, and engineered dynamic thermal throttling mechanism, the PCIe SSD 110S guarantees superior endurance and stability for high-end applications.
Transcend SSD Scope software
To keep your Transcend SSD running fast and error-free, Transcend’s SSD Scope software application is available for download free of charge. Monitor your SSD’s health status with S.M.A.R.T. technology, enable the TRIM command for optimum write speeds, keep your SSD’s firmware up-to-date, and migrate data from your original drive to a new SSD with just a few clicks.
To ensure the utmost level of quality, Transcend SSDs undergo rigorous testing at all stages of production, including tests for vibration, temperature and humidity, speed, and functionality.